Litecoin was founded in 2011 by former Google engineer Charlie Lee as a peer-to-peer digital cryptocurrency intended to work in tandem with Bitcoin, instead of as a direct rival.

Litecoin proponents frequently tout similarities to Bitcoin, but LTC ultimately differentiates itself by having cheaper layer one (L1) transaction fees, the ability to handle more transactions per second (TP/s), and having higher emphasis on merchant and retail adoption throughout its development. During its decade-long existence, Litecoin has been compared to ‘digital silver’ as complimentary to Bitcoin’s ‘digital gold’ status.

Can silver (LTC) reach the same level of actualisation as gold (BTC)?

Similarities

  • Litecoin uses the most common sybil resistance scheme called the Proof of Work (PoW) consensus mechanism.
  • Through this mechanism, all participants agree on the state of the open ledger (blockchain).
  • Miners validate transactions and add blocks to the blockchain to receive a block reward.

Differences

  • While Litecoin is similar to the Bitcoin Core code, it is tweaked, and uses the Scrypt hash function instead of Bitcoin’s SHA-256. This optimises the protocol for its intended purpose – a day-to-day payment system.
  • Transactions are technically instant on both the Bitcoin and Litecoin network, but confirmations are not. Litecoin’s average confirmation is roughly two and a half minutes, as opposed to Bitcoin’s ten minutes.
  • Litecoin is a halving cycle or ‘epoch’ behind Bitcoin since it was released in 2011, and has a higher capped supply (84 million coins; circulating 72 million). Litecoin’s halving is set to take place on August 2nd, 2023.
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Litecoin halving countdown.

The Litecoin suite

Litecoin Core

  • Litecoin enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world using peer-to-peer technology, an internet connection and no central authority.
  • Management and processing of these transactions is not controlled by a central bank, but is carried out by a globally distributed Litecoin network.

 MWEB

  • MWEB is the largest upgrade to the network ever, promising to provide fungibility for all, while improving Litecoin’s scalability.
  • The MWEB upgrade will be included as part of the Litecoin Core 0.21.2 release, which also includes Taproot.

Lightning network

  • The Lightning Network (LN) launched in 2018 in an attempt to solve scalability for cryptocurrencies.
  • The Lightning Network is a 2nd layer solution. Micropayments on the Lightning Network are coordinated using so-called smart contracts, which are sets of rules that must be followed, else a transaction doesn’t take place. LN fees are even smaller than L1 fees charged by miners on the main chain.
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Litecoin L1 network fees: $0.

Litewallet

  • Litewallet is the Litecoin Wallet of the Litecoin Foundation. The foundation does is a non-profit organisation whose stated mission is to advance the blockchain and its development.
  • Litecoin can be purchased directly via the Litewallet. LTC can also be acquired on exchanges such as Bitfinex and in a peer-to-peer fashion.

Omnilite

  • OmniLite is an open-source platform that facilitates the creation of decentralised tokens and smart contracts as well as digital assets like ordinals and NFTs.
  • Since Litecoin is a layered protocol built on top of the blockchain, it has a distinct advantage over other chains due to its absolute integrity, network security, scalability and comparatively low fees.
  • Assets created via OmniLite benefit from the network’s attributes, innovative technology and security.

LTC Card

  • The Litecoin Card™ is powered by Unbanked. This card allows users the option to fund a traditional account with Litecoin and other supported cryptocurrencies for immediate spending. The card is a custody solution, and is comparable to other fintech payment solutions.
  • Users can register for an account, pass a ‘Know Your Client’ (KYC) process, and get a virtual and physical card.
  • Like other crypto cards, the Litecoin Card offers a familiar method of transaction for users not yet comfortable transacting on peer-to-peer basis due to fiat-volatility (real or perceived).

LTC development

Development is ongoing, logged and discussed on the litecointalk.io forum and on github. Developers are currently working on LTCCore v24, which is expected to be released later this year. Among these features are: PSBTs, P2P support for Lite Clients, View Keys, Payment Proofs and Descriptor Wallets. Find out more about these features here.

David Burkett is among the main developers working on MimbleWimble ExtensionBlocks (MWEB), which focuses on delivering high privacy standards for LTC wallets and users. MWEB was launched in June 2022, a year in which the cryptocurrency reached several technical milestones.

As adoption and usage increases, side-chain initiatives with the intention of reducing fees and network load, as well as increasing transaction-speeds could open up a new paradigm for the cryptocurrency on the world stage.


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